Expedition Atlantis

10 Jan 2018

Google Earth ocean bathymetry data lead us to overturn geology’s erroneous “no worldwide flood, ever” paradigm. Try telling that to a “lettered” geologist….

To end any argument and to irrefutably establish that there was, indeed, a worldwide flood, there is only one requirement whose results would be indisputable: discover pre-flood human activity in the deep abyss.

The most likely place to investigate: Atlantis.

Background

In Critias, one of Plato’s dialogues, he describes the Atlantis canal system, as follows:

It was rectangular, and for the most part straight and oblong. . . . It was excavated to the depth of a hundred feet, and its breadth was a stadium [equivalent to 185 meters] everywhere; it was carried round the whole of the plain, and was ten thousand stadia in length. . . . The depth and width and length of this ditch were incredible and gave the impression that such a work, in addition to so many other works, could hardly have been wrought by the hand of man. It received the streams which came down from the mountains, and winding round the plain, and touching the city at various points, was there left off into the sea. . . . From above, likewise, straight canals of a hundred feet in width were cut in the plain, and again let off into the ditch toward the sea; these canals were at intervals of a hundred stadia, . . . cutting transverse passages from one canal into another, and to the city.

Analysis

Figure 1 is a NOAA map, centered at 24.4°W, 31.3°N, that shows the Atlantis canal system.

Atlantis map with superimposed arrowFigure 1. The canals of Atlantis are found in the Madeira Abyssal Plain. The center of the canal system is located near 24.4°W, 31.3°N. The red arrow measures 15 km or about 85 stadia (a bit less than 100 stadia as described by Plato).

The map allows us to compare the canals with Plato’s description. First, we note that the canals were straight and formed rectangular sections. The canal perimeter measures approximately 165 km east to west and 120 km north to south, so it was immense, which leads one to wonder how long it must have taken to build. In addition, its canals were sufficiently deep and wide to be discerned by modern instruments. We can see that the interlocking transverse canals were mostly at right angles. The distance between the canals varies, but the span between two major east-west canals, identified by the red arrows on Figure 1, measures 15 km, which equates to approximately 85 stadia (assuming that 5.666 stadia equal 1 km). Thus, Plato’s description of the distance between canals is close to what we observe.

For perspective, the location of the Atlantis canal system is shown by blue stars on each map in Figure 2.

Atlantis map with superimposed stars for location identificationFigure 2. The blue star on each map indicates the location of the Atlantis canal system. The stars indicate that the canals are approximately 1,750 km west-southwest of the Strait of Gibraltar near the Canary Islands, 750 km south of the Azores, and 650 km nearly due west of Madeira. That is, Atlantis existed in the location that many prehistorians anticipated.

To determine the overall length of the canals, we can overlay straight line segments on the grid as shown on Figure 3. Then we can take those segments, lay them end to end, and convert their distance in kilometers to stadia. The length of the canal system is calculated to be 1,775 km, which translates to nearly 9,600 stadia, a number that is within 4% of Plato’s description!

Atlantis map with superimposed line segments for length calcFigure 3. By overlaying straight lines on the canals of Atlantis, we can approximate its total length in kilometers, then convert that to stadia.

Atlantis’ fate is described in Plato’s Timaeus:

At a later time there were earthquakes and floods of extraordinary violence, and in a single dreadful day and night all your fighting men were swallowed up by the earth, and the island of Atlantis was similarly swallowed up by the sea and vanished.

The incredible earthquakes that Plato recounts would have been induced by the immense cosmic impact (identified in earlier posts). Soon thereafter the newly introduced floodwaters coursed their way around the planet from the impact area and into low-lying regions such as the Madeira Abyssal Plain where Atlantis existed.

Plato’s description, coupled with the new map data, allows us to resolve the problem of Atlantis: it was buried by the worldwide floodwaters.

It’s was a big city. So where  would we dive to have a good chance of obtaining evidence?

Given the corroboration between Plato’s account and the map data, we can be confident that investigating the region would be fruitful to forever establishing that there was a worldwide flood.

The extensive canal system indicates that the Atlanteans must have been excellent masons. What might they have done with the excavated materials? Perhaps they built pyramids … and big ones at that. Suspected pyramid locations are found encircled on Figure 4.

Atlantis map with superimposed circles for locations of interestFigure 4. The circled locations might be very large pyramids built by Atlantean stonemasons.

One of the pyramids at Abusir, superimposed on Figure 5, is similar to the shape of the object found in the bold circle on Figure 4.

Atlantis map with superimposed Abusir pyramidFigure 5. One of the pyramids at Abusir is superimposed beneath a suspected pyramid that appears to be of similar shape. This suspected pyramid is found between two east-west running canals that once fed into Atlantis.

Thus, the circled locations represent the most likely starting locations from which to acquire remnants of Atlantis. [That said, the shape of the suspected pyramid in the bold circle on Figure 4, coupled with its intriguing location between two east-west canals (entrance to the city?), then I would rank this location as the first to investigate.]

The latitude-longitude grids and depths for circled locations, from west to east, are:

Latitude              Longitude           Depth

31.673N              24.109W             5380m (17654 ft)

31.266N              23.616W             5243m (17200 ft)

31.258N              22.992W             4951m (16243 ft)

31.201N              22.572W             5236m (17180 ft)

The depths are a bit more than three miles below sea level. Therefore, the ship tasked with investigating the remnants must be able to hold its location, and it must be able to transport and deploy a submersible device (with illumination, camera, and recording equipment), and this device must be able to withstand such pressures as would be found at three miles below sea level.

I suspect that there exists such a vessel with the requisite equipment. How much it would cost to conduct this excursion is unknown to me at this time. How to go about laying it on is also unknown.

But it would be worth it!

PS – I presented “Resolving the Problem of Atlantis” to the Explorers Club in New York City in April 2015. If interested, then it might be viewed here.

 

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